COLBERT, JEAN BAPTISTE° (1619–1683), comptroller-general of finances under Louis XIV of France. Contrary to the prevailing attitude of his day, Colbert was in favor of the presence of the Jews. He believed them advantageous to the economy because of their trade, their manufactured products, and their capital investments. Therefore, he protected the new christians of bordeaux and Marseilles in the face of pressure from Catholic circles. He was also anxious that the Jews should remain in the French colonies – though at the same time restricting the public manifestations of their religious life – for the sake of their investments and the impetus they gave to agriculture. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: J.B. Colbert, Lettres…, 6 (1869), 159, 188, 193, etc.; C.W. Cole, Colbert…, 1 (Eng., 1939), 351, 362; 2 (1939), 42. (Bernhard Blumenkranz)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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  • Colbert,Jean Baptiste — Colbert, Jean Baptiste. 1619 1683. French politician who served as an adviser to Louis XIV. Colbert reformed taxes, centralized the administration, and improved roads and canals in an effort to encourage trade. * * * …   Universalium

  • Colbert, Jean-Baptiste — • Marquis de Seignelay, statesman, b. at Rheims, France, 1619; d. at Paris, 1683 Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Colbert, Jean-Baptiste — born Aug. 29, 1619, Reims, France died Sept. 6, 1683, Paris French statesman. He was recommended to Louis XIV by Jules Mazarin, whose personal assistant he had been. He engineered the downfall of Nicolas Fouquet, and thereafter he served the king …   Universalium

  • Colbert, Jean-Baptiste — (1619 1683)    statesman    Known for his efforts to reorganize France s economic structure so as to increase revenue and reach self sufficiency, Jean Baptiste Colbert was born in Reims, the son of a drapery merchant. He obtained employment at… …   France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present

  • Colbert, Jean-Baptiste — (29 ago. 1619, Reims, Francia–6 sep. 1683, París). Estadista francés. Fue recomendado a Luis XIV por el cardenal Julio Mazarino, de quien había sido asistente personal. Tramó la caída de Nicolas Fouquet y de ahí en adelante sirvió al rey tanto en …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Colbert, Jean-Baptiste, Marquis De Seignelay — ▪ French diplomat born Nov. 1, 1651, Paris died Nov. 3, 1690, Versailles, Fr.       French secretary of state under Louis XIV.       As the eldest son of the famous secretary of state of that name, Colbert was given the best possible tutors, who… …   Universalium

  • Colbert, Jean Baptiste — ► (1619 83) Estadista francés, ministro de Luis XIV. Impulsó un sistema proteccionista llamado colbertismo, que se basaba en un equilibrio entre los sectores productivos y en la protección de la producción industrial nacional …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • COLBERT, JEAN BAPTISTE —    a French statesman, of Scotch descent, born in Rheims, the son of a clothier; introduced to Louis XIV. by Mazarin, then first minister; he was appointed Controller General of the Finances after the fall of Fouquet, and by degrees made his… …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Colbert, Jean Baptiste — (1619 1683)    First minister to Louis XIV.    Index: F Creates West India Company, 49; disapproves Frontenac s action in summoning three estates, 67; anti clerical tendencies, 73; Madame Maintenon s opinion of, 74; advice to Courcelles in… …   The makers of Canada

  • Jean-baptiste colbert — Buste de Colbert par Antoine Coysevox Naissance 29  …   Wikipédia en Français

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